Monument to the People’s Heroes
Just to the north of Mao’s Mausoleum stands this towering obelisk, a testament to the memory of the Chinese people who died in revolutionary struggle in the 19th and 20th centuries. The work of architect Liang Sicheng, the Monument to the People’s Heroes is approximately 38 meters high and weighs more than 10000 tons. The granite and marblestructure took 6 years to construct, finally being unveiled in 1958. Carved in white marble at the base of the obelisk are scenes from various revolutionary events including the burning of opium in the Opium War of 1840 and the War of Resistance against Japan (1931-45). These bas relieves stand approximately two meters high. On the north side in Mao Zedong’s calligraphy is the inscription “Eternal Glory to the People’s Heroes”, while the south side hosts a longer and more flowery message along the same lines which was drafted by Mao but written in Zhou Enlai’s hand.
Directions: The Monument to the People’s Heroes stands in the middle of Tiananmen Square – just north of Mao’s Mausoleum.